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七年级下人教版初中英语Unit10同步课本剖析

返回列表 来源:LOL外围竞猜 发布日期:2021-10-10 09:02
 本文摘要:知识点扫描 重点短语 1、special n.特色菜、特价品;adj.特此外、特殊的;specially adv.特别地、专门地; 2、differnt adj.差别地;differntly adv.差别地;difference n.区别、差异; 3、lucky adj.幸运的;luck n.幸运;luckily adv.幸运地;unlucky不幸的;unluckily不幸地; 4、potato n.土豆,复数:potatoes; tomato n.西红柿,复数:tomat

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知识点扫描 重点短语 1、special n.特色菜、特价品;adj.特此外、特殊的;specially adv.特别地、专门地; 2、differnt adj.差别地;differntly adv.差别地;difference n.区别、差异; 3、lucky adj.幸运的;luck n.幸运;luckily adv.幸运地;unlucky不幸的;unluckily不幸地; 4、potato n.土豆,复数:potatoes; tomato n.西红柿,复数:tomatoes; 重点短语 1、would like sth 想要某物 2、order food点食物,点菜 3、beef noodles 牛肉面 4、beef and carrot noodles 牛肉胡萝卜面 5、in the beef noodles 在牛肉面里; 6、Special 1 特色菜1; 7、what kind of noodles 哪种面条; 8、a large bowl of noodles 一大碗面; 9、a medium bowl of noodles 一中碗面; 10、a small bowl of noodles 一小碗面; 11、take one’s order 点菜; 12、in the beef soup 在牛肉汤里; 13、one bowl of beef soup 一碗牛肉面; 14、what size 多大(碗),什么尺寸; 15、that’s right 对,那是正确的; 16、in the tomato and egg soup 在西红柿鸡蛋汤里; 17、beef noodles with carrots 胡萝卜牛肉面; 18、green tea 绿茶; 19、orange juice 橘子汁; 20、birthday food 生日食物; 21、around the world世界各地; 22、on one’s birthday 在某人的生日; 23、be different 差别; 24、be different from 与差别; 25、in different countries 在差别的国家; 26、birthday cake with candles 有蜡烛的生日蛋糕; 27、the number of... ...的数量; 28、the person’s age 这小我私家的年事; 29、make a wish 许愿; 30、blow out the candles 吹灭蜡烛; 31、in one go一次性的,同一次; 32、come true 实现; 33、put...in... 把...放进...; 34、get popular 受接待,盛行; 35、eat long noodles 吃长寿面; 36、cut up 切碎; 37、a symbol of long life 长寿的象征;38、be the same 相同; 39、bring good luck to sb 给某人带来好运; 40、have different kinds of 有差别种类的; 41、be short of短缺,缺少; 42、put on 带上,穿上; 43、don’t worry 别着急; 重点句子 1.What would you like ? I’m not sure yet. yet: 还,仍然。主要用于否认句和疑问句中。

2. Are there any vegetables in the beef noodles? any: 一些。用于否认句和疑问句中。3. May I take your order? (请问)您可以点菜了吗? 4. What kind of noodles would you like?你想要什么样的面条? What kind of ? 用来询问种类,of 后可以接复数名词,也可以接不行数名词。

例子: What kind of music do you like? 5. Would you like a large bowl? Would you like...? 你愿...吗? 用于向对方有礼貌的提出建议和请求。肯定回覆:Yes, I’d like to. Yes , I’d love to. 否认回覆:No, thanks . or : Sorry + 拒绝的理由。6. What size would you like ? 你想要多大碗的? What size ...? 用来询问巨细,尺寸,尺码,意思是: 多大尺寸...? 常用 large, medium, small往返答。例子: What size shirt do you want? I want size 36. 7. All of these birthday foods may be different. may be:可能是,也许是 例子: I may be a little late. 8.They bring good luck to the birthday person. bring: 带来,拿来。

是从某处把某人或某物带来,带到说话者的地方来。take : 带走,拿走。是把某人或某物从说话者的地方拿走。

例子: Don’t forget to bring your homework to school. Please take him to the hospital now. 9. I don’t like onions, green tea or porridge. 我不喜欢洋葱,绿茶和粥。or: 是并列连词,用于否认句,表现......都不”。在举行句型转换时,要把肯定句中的and 改为or。例子: Mr Smith smokes and drinks. Mr Smith doesn’t smoke or drink. 10. Can I have two bowls of beef soup then? 那我们能要两碗牛肉汤吗? a bowl of ... 一碗...,后跟可数名词的复数或不行数名词。

例子: a bowl of dumplings, a bowl of rice, 表现数量的几多,用:数词+ 量词 + of + 不行数名词 / 复数名词。当数词大于1时,量词应变为复数。

a cup of tea, two cups of tea a glass of water , three glasses of water a box of pens, some boxes of pens 重点语法 1、不行数名词 不行数名词没有复数形式,分为物质名词(表现无法分为个体的物质,如meat,rice,water,milk,orange,beef,soup,mutton,tea,coffee等)和抽象名词(表现行动、状态、情况、品质等抽象观点,如work,homework,time,health,friendship等)。不行数名词的数量表现:有许多与食物、饮料有关的名词是不行数名词,他们可以和量词连用,量词有复数形式,three glasses of milk三杯牛奶,some cups of tea几杯茶,a piece of bread一块面包,two bowls of rice两碗米饭;five bottles of juice两瓶果汁; 2、可数名词 可数名词有复数形式,其变化形式如下: (1)一般情况下在词尾加 shop --- shops (商店) bag --- bags (书包) window --- windows (窗户) (2)以 s, x, sh, ch 末端的单词在词尾加es。class --- classes (班级) box --- boxes (盒子) watch --- watches (手表) brush --- brushes (刷子) (3)以“辅音字母 +y” 末端的词, 变y为 i 加es.(注意不是元音字母+y) story --- stories (故事) (4)以 “o” 末端的名词, 复数一般在词尾加“s”, 但个体加 “es” tomato --- tomatoes (西红柿) potato --- potatoes (土豆) zoo --- zoos (动物园) photo --- photos (照片) (以 “o”末端,复数加 “es”)口诀: 黑人(Negro)英雄(hero),左手拿着西红柿(tomato),右手拿着破土豆(potato)。

(5)以 f或 fe 末端的词,多数变f或 fe 为 ves. leaf --- leaves (树叶) knife --- knives ( 小刀) life --- lives (生命) (以f或fe末端的单词,需把f或fe 变ves的单词) 口诀: 妻子(wife)持刀(knife)去宰狼(wolf) 小偷(thief)吓得发了慌 躲在架下(shelf)保己命(life) 半(half)片树叶(leaf)遮眼光 (6)不规则名词复数的变化 man --- men (男子) woman --- women (女人) child --- children (儿童) mouse --- mice(老鼠) tooth ---teeth (牙齿) foot --- feet (脚) goose---geese(鹅) (7)名词单复数形式一样 sheep --- sheep (绵羊) deer --- deer(鹿) people --- people (人、人们) fish --- fish(鱼) Japanese --- Japanese(日本人) Chinese --- Chinese(中国人) (8)关于哪国人的复数形式 中日友好是一致,英法联邦改a为e,其余在后加s. Japanese --- Japanese(日本人) Chinese --- Chinese(中国人) English man --- English men (英国人) French man --- French men (法国人) American--- Americans(美国人) Australian--- Australian s(澳大利亚人) Canadian--- Canadian(加拿大人) Russian--- Russians(俄罗斯人) Korean--- Koreans(韩国人) (9)含有man woman修饰的复合名词词组,变复数时两个都要变为复数。man teacher--- men teachers(男教师) woman doctor--- women doctors(女医生) 3、既可为可数名词又可为不行数名词: chicken 鸡(可数),鸡肉(不行数); orange 橘子(可数),橘子汁(不行数); fish 鱼(可数),鱼肉(不行数); salad 沙拉;ice-cream 冰激淋; cabbage 卷心菜、洋白菜; 4、fish: 当“鱼肉”讲时,不行数名词;当“鱼”讲时,可数名词,复数为fish;当“鱼的种类”讲时,复数为fishes,all kinds of fishes种种各样的样;go fishing去钓鱼; 5、and和or的用法: (1)and和or都可以作连词使用,毗连两个并列的身分,意为“和”; (2)and一般用于肯定句中,or用于否认句或疑问句中; There is no water or air on the moon. 月球上没有水和空气。(3)在否认句中,如果毗连的两个词前都有否认词,则用and; There is no water and no air on the moon. 月球上没有水和空气。

(4)or用于疑问句可表现选择关系,意为“还是”; Do you like English or Chinese ? 你喜欢英语还是汉语? (5)or放在祈使句后,意为“否则、否则”; Be careful,or you will miss the right answer. 仔细点,否则你会错过正确谜底。6、some和any的用法: (1)some、any意为“一些”,既可修饰可数名词复数,也可修饰不行数名词。

Some主要用于肯定句,any主要用于否认句和疑问句中。I have some friends,but he doesn’t have any friends. (2)在征求对方意见,希望获得对方肯定回覆的疑问句中一般用some不用any. Would you like some coffee ? 你想要一些咖啡吗? (3)any作“任何”讲时,可用于肯定句中。Any student can answer this question ? 任何学生都能回覆这个问题。

7、Would like的用法: (1)would like=want 想... (2)would like to do sth 想要做某事; would like sb (not) to do sth 想某人(不)做某事; (3)含有would like的句子,变一般疑问句直接将would提前,变否认句直接在would后加not; 8、the number of和a number of的用法: (1)the number of+名词复数,意为“...的数量”,作主语时谓语动词用单数形式; The number of the studends in our class is 45。我们班的学生数量是45. (2)a number of+名词复数,意为“许多的...”,作主语时谓语动词用复数形式; A large number of studends can speak English。

大量的学生能说英语。


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